Today, the Islamic world has experienced its darkest period in the its history of one thousand four hundred years. At this point, the name of Islam, which means peace and salvation, has become a word that no longer mentioned with terrorism at the end of an adventure. An understanding that is enemy to art and culture and doesn’t give value science, has influence on this transformation. This study tells how the salafi Islâmic concept that has existed for the first times of Islam emerged in, the arms of this approach, from which stages these arms went through and survived today. Also this study tells that Salafism does not only consist of Wahhabism and Salafism’s philosophical background.
Keywords: Salafism, Wahhabism, Ahmed bin Hanbal, Ibn Taymiyyah, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.