Suicide is the event of one’s own volition and intentional life. Every year, approximately one million people consciously end their lives. The prevalence, methods and causes of suicides; geographical location, political order, economic development, differentiated according to time and culture.
In this study, the origin and definition of suicide concept, causes and dynamics of suicidal behavior, factors triggering suicide and common characteristics of suicides on a global scale are explained. In addition, suicidal causes, suicide types and their global geographical distribution were examined and grouped according to suicide rates. Working in both the methods used in both Bursa in Turkey, gender, age and prevalence of suicidal behavior was examined by education level.
Post-socialist countries in the socialist system until 1990 were the countries with the highest suicide rates in the world. Compared with other countries in Europe it is observed to be lower than the suicide rate in Turkey.
Keywords: Concept of suicide, Suicide types, Geographical distribution of suicides, Turkey, Province of Bursa