Technology generates a new kind of terrorism which is called as cyber terrorism. Cyber terrorism is not only a tool for propaganda of traditional terrorism, but also a logic embedded in the cyber space. Cyber terrorism needs more attention for the security of “e-government” in terms of not only at national level, but also at international level. So the main purpose of this article is to study the interaction between “e-government” and cyber terrorism in the context of Actor Network Theory which provides a model and general frame for participatory democracy. For this reason, it is firstly explained what “e-government actually is. Afterwards, cyber terrorism is defined by generating a new one. Methodologically speaking, descriptive analysis has been made in defining and understanding “e-government”, and a new definition for cyber terrorism has been generated by the method of induction. Finally, the interaction between “e-government” and cyber terrorism has been debated in the context of Actor Network Theory through the method of deduction in addition to the conclusions related to some prevention and advices. These measures and recommendations include the recruitment of qualified personnel, institutional capacity development, government support for brand antivirus software, cyber risk insurance, global cooperation and the creation of ethical codes.
Keywords: E-Government, Cyber terrorism, Actor network theory, ICTs, Cyber risk insurance, Ethical codes, Purple brain, International collaboration